The resumption of The Prime Minister of Shastri is a re-attempt to rewrite things, as his tenure was probably one of the silent changes on most fronts. This began in the midst of a new surge of food shortages and the resulting rise in prices, which, although in a broken line, can be brought back to the days of the Second World War and placed in a wider framework of similar problems in the decolonized world. What is more prosaic is that it caused a forex crisis due to food supply and provincial friction between surplus and deficit areas, and saw a piece rationing and the construction of the Food Corporation of India on the way to a possible “green revolution”. Such systemic challenges and structural responses require organizational consensus and federal cooperation, as well as the control of prime ministers. This was not the case until the mid-1960s, when the monolithic days of the patronage system of Congress were on the last, plagued by a generation under its regional satraps. An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970.
Within hours of signing the agreement, Shastri reportedly died of a heart attack. However, over the years, family members have expressed distrust of the events leading up to his death. Under the agreement, 600,000 Indian Tamils are expected to be repatriated, while 375,000 are expected to obtain Sri Lankan citizenship. This scheme was to be in place by October 31, 1981.